New researches and experiments are continuously being conducted to determine various pain management therapies that are effective in treating pains. Pain management is one of the most critical aspects for terminally-ill patients. Pain management is a medical specialty. Stinging, throbbing, aching, burning are the different terms used to describe pain, and pain is subjective and personal, influenced by gender, ethnicity, age and psychosocial factors.
Acute pain results from inflammation, disease or injury to the tissue, and is accompanied by anxiety or emotional distress. Chronic pain is continuous, persisting for more than six months. The pain can be mild or severe, and is usually brought by the chronic condition such as fibromyalgia, or arthritis.
Pain Management Options
Patients suffering from pain need different options to treat the symptoms. The best way to control pain is to target the appropriate medication for underlying cause, and minimize the pain with non-pharmaceutical treatments and medications.
Some of the medications for pain management include Acetaminophen, Non-Steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroids, narcotics, anti-convulsants, and local anesthetics. OTC pain relievers can be bought without the prescription. Analgesics are the drugs that relieve pain by blocking the pain signals or by interfering with interpretation of signals by the brain. Narcotics and non-narcotics are two types of analgesics, and these medications do not produce anesthesia or loss of consciousness.
Acupuncture is a pain management technique that originated in China, and is based on the philosophy of qi, the energy flowing through 12 invisible lines, or meridians in the body. Each meridian is associated with an organ system, and imbalance in the qi flow cause the disease.
Massage therapy is also effective in pain management, and is quite popular to get relief. Swedish massage therapy, hot stone massage, aromatherapy massage, Shiatsu, deep tissue massage, pregnancy massage, Thai massage, sports massage, reflexology, and back massage are some of the most commonly used massage techniques to get relief from pain.
Alternative medical techniques including ayurveda, naturopathy, homeopathy, Tibetan medicine and Chinese medicine are used effectively for pain management. Other alternative methods include mind-body interventions, biologically-based therapy, manipulative and body-based methods and energy therapies.
In addition to using different pain management techniques, it also helps to use the natural pain relievers. These include releasing the inner endorphins, finding a good company, eating food of choice, applying some form of heat, cooling with ice, enjoying the outdoors, loosening up, having good thoughts, meditating regularly and changing your inner thinking. These simple and natural pain relievers are gentle on mind and body, and usually do not have any side-effects.